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STATISTICS MALTA

EU-SILC 2022: Estimates of Material Deprivation and Housing Problems

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EU-SILC_2022_Estimates_of_Material_Deprivation_and_Housing_Problems.jpgThe European Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey 2022 revealed that the material and social deprivation rate stood at 9.6 per cent, whereas the severe material and social deprivation rate stood at 4.9 per cent.

 The European Statistics on Income and Living Conditions Survey (EU-SILC) is a harmonised statistical enquiry which aims to collect comparable data on income, health and disability, employment, and material deprivation. European statistics on material deprivation are based on the perceived capacity, or otherwise, of households to afford a number of items from a set of 13 standard items. These standard items were established at European level as the most relevant components for the measurement of material and social deprivation (Table 1). From these components, two major constructs are derived from EU-SILC, being, the Material and Social Deprivation indicator and the Severe Material and Social Deprivation indicator.

A person living in a household is deemed to be materially and socially deprived if this person does not afford at least five of the 13 material and social deprivation items, whereas those who do not afford at least seven of these items are considered to be severely materially and socially deprived. In 2022, the material and social deprivation rate stood at 9.6 per cent, whereas the severe material and social deprivation rate stood at 4.9 per cent, a decrease of 0.2 percentage points, and 0.5 percentage points, respectively, when compared to 2021 (Table 2).

With reference to specific deprivation items, 33.3 per cent of the surveyed population stated that their household could not afford to pay for a one-week annual holiday away from home. Furthermore, 15.4 per cent declared that their household would not be able to settle an unexpected financial expense of €770 and over. Moreover, 7.6 per cent did not afford to keep the home adequately warm in winter and a further 6.1 per cent of the respondents stated that their household was in arrears on mortgage or rent payments, utility bills, hire purchase instalments or other loan payments.

With reference to the indicators which reflect the quality of life, 7.0 indicated that they do not afford to get together with friends/family (relatives) for a drink/meal at least once a month. A further 10.9 per cent stated that they could not regularly participate in a leisure activity (such as sports or attending a concert). In each quality-of-life indicator, the percentage of females who could not afford an item was higher than the percentage of males (Table 3). In relation to the ability to spend small amounts of money each week for own use, and the availability of internet connection for personal use at home, 12.3 per cent and 1.6 per cent, respectively, declared that these are not afforded. The 65+ year-old cohort had the highest percentage of persons who could not afford spending a small amount of money on themselves (13.7 per cent). Furthermore, 3.9 per cent of those aged 65 and over could not afford an internet connection at home for personal use (Table 4).

Problems with main dwelling

Households were also asked to state whether they were experiencing problems with their main dwelling. The most frequently reported problems in 2022 were pollution, grime or other environmental problems (32.1 per cent), and noise from neighbours or from the street with 28.6 per cent. Of the responding households, 10.3 per cent reported problems with crime, violence or vandalism in the area, and 9.3 per cent said they had problems with the dwelling being too dark or not sufficiently well lit (Chart 5).

Among the households which reported problems with their main dwelling, in 2022, 42.6 per cent declared that their household suffered from at least one problem, a drop of 2.7 percentage points when compared to the previous year (Chart 6).

 

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