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STATISTICS MALTA

Malta: 76.7% of Residents Perceive Their Health as Good

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correzioneIntroduction

The European Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey is an annual exercise undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) among persons residing in private households in Malta and Gozo. The survey collects several indicators related to general health and well-being.

Health indicators

In 2022, 76.7 per cent of the persons living in private households perceived their general health as being good. Males were more likely to perceive their general health as being good (79.5 per cent), when compared to their female counterparts (73.8 per cent). A little under a third of respondents (31.0 per cent) stated that they suffer from a chronic illness or condition. Most individuals reported that they did not have any limitations in their daily activities because of health problems, with only 15.1 per cent indicating otherwise.

The majority of individuals did not report having unmet needs for medical or dental examination or treatment, with only 2.8 per cent of individuals reporting otherwise. This was a decrease when compared to 2021 (4.3 per cent) and 2020 (3.0 per cent). Females were more likely to report an unmet need for a medical or dental examination or treatment at 2.9 per cent, a decrease of 2.0 percentage points when compared to 2021 (4.9 per cent), and an increase of 0.1 percentage points when compared to 2020 (2.8 per cent).

The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate (AROPE) defines the proportion/number of people who are at-risk-of-poverty or severely materially and socially deprived, or living in households with very low work intensity. In 2022, people who were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion were less likely to perceive their general health as being good. In fact, only 57.9 per cent of the persons who were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion perceived their general health as good, compared to 81.3 per cent of those respondents who were not at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion.

When considering the main predictors of ill health and chronic illness, females, individuals over 65 years of age, and individuals at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion, were more likely to report suffering from chronic illness or conditions, and to experience limitations because of health problems. Such trends were also observed in 2021 and 2020.

Well-being indicators

On a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 represents not at all satisfied, and 10 represents completely satisfied, an average score of 8.6 was reported by respondents with regard to their satisfaction with their personal relationships with family and friends. A mean score of 7.7 was reported with regard to their satisfaction with their current job, and a mean score of 7.4 was reported with regard to their satisfaction with their overall life. The lowest average scores were reported with regard to respondents’ satisfaction with their financial situation and with their time use, at 6.8. Respondents between 16 and 29 years of age reported a higher mean score with regard to overall life satisfaction, when compared to respondents aged 65 years and over (7.1). The highest mean score with regard to personal relationship satisfaction was reported by respondents aged between 18 and 29 years (8.7). Respondents who were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion reported lower average scores with regard to their satisfaction with overall life, financial situation, current job, and personal relationships, when compared to those not at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion. On the other hand, a higher average score with regard to their satisfaction with time use was reported by these respondents.

The National Equivalised Income (NEI) of a household is defined as the household’s total disposable income divided by its ‘equivalent size’ (also referred to as consumption units). The NEI considers the size and age distribution of household members. In 2022, people within the highest equivalised income bracket reported higher mean values for satisfaction with overall life, financial situation, current job, and personal relationships. Conversely, a higher mean value for satisfaction with time use was reported by people within the lowest equivalised income bracket.

In general, respondents reported feelings of happiness (57.6 per cent) and calmness and peacefulness (47.1 per cent), most of the time. Feelings of nervousness and agitation were characteristics rarely experienced by 31.6 per cent of the respondents, and sometimes experienced by 31.2 per cent of the respondents.

Females were more likely to report that, most of the time, they experienced feelings of nervousness and agitation (13.6 per cent), being down in the dumps (4.0 per cent) and downheartedness and depression (5.2 per cent). On the other hand, males were more likely to report feelings of calmness and peacefulness (49.1 per cent) and happiness (58.8 per cent), most of the time. Respondents aged 65 years and over were more likely to feel, most of the time, down in the dumps (5.5 per cent) and downhearted and depressed (5.6 per cent). Feelings of nervousness and agitation were reported, most of the time, by persons aged between 30 and 64 years (12.3 per cent). Meanwhile, respondents between 16 and 17 years of age were more likely to feel calm and peaceful (57.6 per cent) and happy (68.3 per cent), most of the time.

Respondents who were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion were more likely to report feelings of nervousness and agitation (2.8 per cent), down in the dumps (1.2 per cent), downheartedness and depression (1.5 per cent), and loneliness (3.1 per cent), all of the time, when compared to those not at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion.

In 2022, most individuals (95.1 per cent) felt that, if needed, they would receive material or non-material help from family, friends, colleagues, or other persons they knew.

On a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 represents do not trust at all, and 10 represents trust completely, on average, the extent to which people trust others was reported at 5.1. On a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 represents not at all excluded, and 10 represents completely excluded, individuals seemed to perceive themselves as not being excluded from society. In fact, the mean score with regard to feelings of exclusion from society was reported at 2.2.

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ARTICLE WRITTEN BY NSO

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