As at the end of 2019, total resident children aged up to 17 stood at 81,948. Resident children population showed a constant year-on-year increase throughout the past five years, and rose by more than five per cent when compared to 2015 levels (Table 1, Chart 1). Data for 2019 also showed that the percentage share of the resident children population in Malta was just over 16 per cent, two percentage points below that of the EU’s average. This made Malta at a near par with Germany and Italy (Chart 2). Population projections by Eurostat estimate that resident children population will increase by slightly more than six per cent between years 2030 and 2100. The percentage share of children will however see a drop of nearly two percentage points when considering the same years (Chart 3). Between 2015 and 2019, the highest number of Maltese and foreign children resided in the Northern Harbour district. In 2019, they amounted to a total of 18,950 and 5,924 respectively or a joint share of 30 per cent. On the contrary, the least common district where both Maltese and foreign children resided was Gozo and Comino, with a total of 5,031 and 316 respectively in 2019 (Table 2, Map 1). In 2019, the total number of resident live births totalled 4,350, a decrease of two per cent when compared to the previous year. The crude birth rate was lowest in 2019 at 8.6, a decrease of 1.1 and 0.6 when compared to 2015 and 2018 respectively (Table 3). A further look into the composition of households’ structure showed that in 2019, households with dependent children totalled 64,598 an increase of more than 11 per cent when compared to 2015. Households with one dependent child remained the most common with a total of 38,234 or a percentage share of 59 per cent. Households with two dependent children followed with a total of 21,957 or a percentage share of 34 per cent while households with three or more dependent children were the least common with a remaining percentage share close to seven per cent (Table 4).